May Moon Calendar

MAY 2019

NEW MOON 5th May


  • Prepare garlic, shallot and tree onion beds, manure and compost well, make sure the beds are very free draining

  • Prepare beds for strawberries and transplant

  • Prepare any other beds you have the energy to double dig or U Bar. This is a good month for bed preparation to help avoid stress in spring. The more aerated the soil is over the winter the easier it will be in spring. The best compost crop for keeping the soil aerated over winter is Vetch and broad beans, as recommended in Koanga gardens catalogue/shop/website. Vetch needs warmth to germinate

  • Direct sow rocket, cornsalad, ruruhau, red Russian kale mustard lettuce and mizuna under cloche to eat as fresh salad greens (mesclun) over winter

  • Sow violas, pansies, heartsease, poppies and snap dragons for Spring flowering

  • Last chance to plant lupins and other compost or green manure crops

  • Plant broad beans into trays and transplant when first leaves appear

  • Plant brassicas now – broccoli, kale, cabbage, cauli etc for early Spring transplanting

  • Transplant last of the winter veges and flowers


  • Clean up orchard herbal ley and mediterranean herb banks, replanting if necessary

  • Last chance to plant subterranean clover in orchard herbal ley

  • Last chance to get drainage, fencing, shifting of compost and mulch in preparation for tree planting  next month done




  • Plant compost/carbon crops for winter

  • Plant strawberry runners

  • Plant winter salad greens under microclima or cloches or cold frames

  • Transplant flowers for early spring flowering, heartsease, snap dragons, calendula larkspur, love in a mist, hollyhock

  • Feed all brassicas, celery, beetroot salad greens that need it while the soil is still warm and active


  • Feed citrus well now, manure, seaweed, rock phosphate, dolomite and mulch

  • Spray neem on apples for codlin and woolly aphid (if you have woolly aphid you’ll have to put neem onto the roots of the apples using a watering can as well as spraying the leaves because the bugs over winter and live in the roots re-infecting the tops), pears for pear slug and citrus for aphid and mealy bug if necessary


FULL MOON  19th May


  • Foliar feed three days after full moon.

  • In warmer areas this is the last chance to sow carrots and beetroot before spring

  • Plant Garlic, Tree Onions, Shallots, Potato Onions

  • Plant strawberries if not already in

  • Make compost heaps with all the autumn weeds and material available  to be ready for your Spring garden

  • Mulch any vege beds not planted in compost crops to avoid a weed nightmare next Spring

  • If May continues warm and dry double dig any beds that need it for early spring crops and plant lupins only now.


  • Finish planting spring bulbs

  • Begin wrenching any trees for shifting this winter after the first rain, wrenching one side only this month

  • Check the bananas to see if any de-suckering is necessary. You should have at maximum only two suckers on each fruiting palm, a big one and a small one.




  • In warmer areas last chance to weed beds and prepare for winter, transplanting last seedlings or sowing the last compost crops

  • Cover compost heaps to avoid water logging over winter

  • Make sure all chooks ducks and small animals have adequate housing for winter

  • Drag out your cloches and cold frames to cover salad crops or keep them growing over winter

  • Prepare garlic beds if planting on the solstice


  • Remove any fruit trees that need taking out before it gets too wet

  • Begin preparing ground for planting fruit trees next month

  • Make sure any necessary orchard fencing is finished before planting starts

  • Finalise winter planting plans and tree orders or you’ll miss out on the trees you really want

  • Final de-suckering of bananas this month

  • Time to take rose cuttings and plum rootstock cuttings – soak in willow water and place into sand

  • Manure, fertilise fruit trees, spread BioPhos, dolomite, manure and gypsum if soil needs more structure

  • Begin planting natives for shelter hedgerows