March Moon Calendar

MARCH 2019

NEW MOON 7th March

Garden

  • Prepare, compost and manure beds for winter planting

  • A good time to collect seaweed and cow manure to use on brassica and celery beds and for any other gross feeders

  • Tomato, pepper and eggplant maintenance – mainly feeding and disease control. Stop delateralling tomatoes

  • Check grains for maturity and harvest

  • Plant seed for the winter garden such as cauliflower, cabbage, broccoli, kale, lettuce, onions, swedes, turnips, parsley, welsh bunching onions, silverbeet, chard, orach, celery, peas, miner’s lettuce and corn salad

  • Use neem oil on tomatoes and beans if necessary for shield bugs

  • Plant flowers for winter and spring colour such as calendula, heartsease, stocks, chamomile, hollyhocks, sweet William, forget-me-nots, columbine and verbascum

  • Plant early flowering Sweet Peas

Orchard

  • Irrigate all trees as required

  • Clean up herb banks and trim lavender

  • Pick and dry rose hips

  • A good time to cut any coppicing trees in shelter or hedgerows for firewood or garden stakes

  • Make lists of tasks needing to be carried out in the orchard such as maintenance work on fencing, irrigation or drainage or this winter’s development before it gets too wet to carry out

  • Make a list to help organize winter planting and order any trees you need

  • Shifting hawk kites and nets to protect fruit from birds

 

FIRST QUARTER 14th March

Garden

  • Plant green manure and compost crops as beds become empty

  • Check moisture levels everywhere as plants grow very strongly over the full moon period only if they have the moisture and nutrients to do so

  • Foliar and root feed three days before full moon for maximum growth

  • Use liquid comfrey on tomatoes and peppers

  • Prick out and transplant seedlings

Orchard

  • Continue moving bird scarers and nets where appropriate

  • Water subtropical orchard and apply manure, vermicastings or fertiliser of any sort to achieve strong autumn growth well before frosts

  • Coppice firewood and stakes from shelter hedgerows

 

FULL MOON 20th March

Garden

  • Liquid feed three days after full moon

  • Plant carrots, swedes, beetroot and turnips

  • Apply liquid comfrey to tomatoes and peppers

  • Harvest basil, tomatoes and peppers for processing

Orchard

  • Harvest and store apples and pears

  • Bottle, dry or make into jam, wine or sauces, pickles and chutneys any windfall or excess fruit

  • Plant spring bulbs in orchard herbal ley, keeping in mind the range of flowering times from the Erlicheers to the last daffodils

  • Attend to drainage, fencing and maintenance jobs before it gets wet

LAST QUARTER 27th March

Garden

  • Prick out all the emerging seedlings for winter garden

  • Transplanting, weeding

  • Turn under catch crop flowering mustard or spray the beetles with neem oil

  • Check grain crops (quinoa, amaranth) for bird damage and maturity and harvest if necessary. If ready to harvest lay in a warm place in the greenhouse to finish maturing before threshing and winnowing

  • Watch drying corn for bird and rat damage, leave on plants to dry as long as possible then harvest and put in dry warm place to finish drying. You could pull the husks back and tie in twos and hang over loops of strong string to dry

  • Harvest and process peppers, tomatoes and basil. Keep the best to save seed

  • Harvest summer squash (not the long keepers), the first of the kumara and onions and keep the best for seed

  • Harvest main crop potatoes, saving egg sized tubers from the best plants for a seed crop

  • Harvest dried shellout beans and put in greenhouse to dry until crunchy when they can be jumped on and separated from pods

  • Harvest hulless pumpkin but do not remove seeds for several weeks

  • Finish lifting and transplanting spring flowering bulbs

  • Lift and plant rooted carnation layers in pots or fresh beds

  • Prepare ground and sow new lawns

Orchard

  • Check all young fruit trees and shallow rooted trees for moisture stress such as citrus, feijoas and subtropicals

  • Manure citrus trees now and spray with foliar seaweed/fish

  • Plant subtropicals only if you have water available for irrigation

  • Summer prune last of the stone fruit which makes job easier in winter and there is less chance of disease

  • De-sucker any remaining banana suckers

  • When harvesting fruit check all trees for size of crop, disease, other problems, so you can think about changes that need to be made over the winter

  • Shift hawk kites and or nets over trees where fruit is ripening

  • Pick up all fallen fruit (or let chooks/ducks/pigs eat it) to avoid bugs over wintering

  • Thin inside growth of gooseberries and currants

  • Cut out old fruit rods of loganberries and raspberries, and tie new growth up