January Moon Calendar

JANUARY 2020

NEW MOON December 26th 2019

Vege Garden 

  • Water carefully, using fingers to make sure the ground is getting wet where you need the moisture .. critical, after taking care of your crops to this point don’t lose your harvest for lack of watering
  • Harvest garlic, dry then clean and select your mother seed for next year
  • Harvest onions and shallots, dry, then select mother seed and store separately
  • Sow late and glasshouse crops of cucumbers, courgettes, beans, basil where you have either a long season or a greenhouse
  • Plan and sow seed for autumn crops like cabbage, broccoli, cauliflower, silverbeet, spinach, celery, carrots, beetroot, endive, Brussels sprouts, kale, swedes and turnips, lettuce, radish, and daikon
  • Weed and prepare beds as they come empty ensuring you have checked your garden planner and have your next set of seedlings ready to go in
  • Continue feeding where necessary to maintain growth, the better your soil gets the less you will have to do this
  • Transplant brassicas and  leeks into garden for autumn winter use.. ensure you cover all brassicas with row crop cover or frost cloth to keep off super hot sun and white butterflies.
  • Sow seed for late Summer flowering, zinnia, sunflower, marigold, cosmos, aster  dahlia
  • Sow seeds for Autumn/Winter early  spring  flowering—snapdragon, calendula, sweet William, hollyhock, granny’s bonnets, cineraria, primrose and polyanthus
  • Thresh dries flax seeds and store
  • Either dry or freeze excess broad beans for future use
  • Begin processing excess tomatoes 
  • Excess sugar snap peas make excellent ferments

Perennials 

  • Stop picking asparagus to let it recover ready for next year
  • Perennials are finishing now, time to water well, feed and mulch well and lay to bed to regenerate and gain strength for next season
  • Watering comfrey and alfalfa beds now will ensure far more growth over Summer , we also feed ours now with Urine

Forest Garden

  • Pinch growing tips out on your fig trees to encourage growth to go into the fruit
  • Pinch tips, back to 1 or 2 buds beyond the beginning of all pruned new shoots on espaliered trees, to encourage fruiting spurs rather than loads of long shoots, regularly 
  • Net and harvest ripening fruit
  • Watch moisture levels, check young trees carefully
  • Get a Reams Soil Test done urgently if not already done, to know how to feed your fruit trees by the middle of this month see below, get fert required urgently.. We use EF:NanoCal and EF:SoilForce
  • Now is the time to feed your fruit trees as availability of balanced and high levels of nutrients NOW make next year’s crop! 
  • Now is the time to decide how you will store excess fruit to keep you out of the supermarket over winter. Get ready to go!
  • now is a good time to decide how you will supply fruit tree nutrients and maintain tree health into the future….see Design Your Own Forest Garden and Design Your Own Orchard
  • Order your Biodowls NOW so you can innoculate your trees against Silverleaf or heal it if you already have it in your trees, from AGRIMM or your local farmlands who get them from AGRIMM Technology

 

FIRST QUARTER 3rd January 2020

Garden

  • Check water requirements
  • Check tomato and pepper maintenance. Getting it right now, will make a huge difference to your harvest this season  See Koanga Garden Guide or the Knowledge Base on our website 
  • Foliar/soil drench (EF:CalPhos)  feed three days before full moon if needed, especially heavy feeders such as tomatoes, and pumpkins and peppers
  • Prick out and transplant as necessary
  • Finish all planting not done in New Moon section
  • As you transplant your brassicas into your beds direct sow vetch seeds, or transplant seedlings to act as a leguminous ground cover to prevent weeds and support your brassicas
  • Dead head all old flower heads to keep plants flowering

Perennials

  • See New Moon section

Forest Garden

  • Once your fruit trees get older and bigger the bird issue is not so bad, they usually get the top fruit on the trees leaving the rest for us , however when they are small  we may not wish to see them get all the fruit so…Get out “Harry the Hawk” kites and nets for fruit trees as fruit ripens 
  • NOW is a good time to sort all of your silver leaf infected trees and or inoculate all the rest that could get infected.. all your pip and stone fruit.  You can often see that you have silver leaf by the silvery leaves in Spring and Autumn however sometimes the fungal disease is there and you can’t see it unless you cut the branch off and see the black discolouring in the centre of the wood. We use Trico dowels, or dowels or plugs of wood inoculated with the tricodermia spp that destroy the silverleaf fungi in the tree. You can buy them from Farmlands, instructions are on the bags . You will need a drill with a 6mm bit to drill the holes . The time to do this is after the Spring growth flush, now is a good time
  • Check moisture levels on all trees especially dwarf apples, dwarf pears, feijoas, young trees, kiwi fruit and citrus – all have shallow roots and hate drying out. Brown leaves, bad pear slug, bad cicada damage and serious bronze beetle damage are all very often symptoms of water stress, or actually nutrient stress because there is no moisture to allow the plant roots to pick up the minerals!
  • Last week to get nutrients on the ground for optimal fruit tree production next season… must be available by 15th! January. 
  • Observation of each fruit tree (record fruiting times and any issues)  will help future planning and management 
  • check all fruiting trees for crop and health performance, will help make good decisions later 
  • Begin bottling, drying, fermenting and storing  fruit 
  • insert your Bio Dowels for Silverleaf

 

FULL MOON 11th January 2020

Garden

  • Water as required, especially just around the full moon as the plants are really wanting to grow
  • feed  if required three days before full moon
  • Keep up tomato and pepper maintenance
  • Spray Koanga Psyllid Solution for psyllid and or shield bugs, also look to see if your plants are water stressed or nutrient stressed
  • Layer carnations 
  • Plant bulbs in garden beds orchard or pots
  • Dead head dahlias and all flowers to keep them flowering

Perennials

  • Asparagus needs to be left to grow big fronds now, to photosynthesis and sequester carbon in the soil and grow stronger roots to send up shoots again next Spring. Water deeply, feed and mulch and let the tops grow tall. If you don’t want asparagus seeds germinating everywhere then remove all the fleshy orange seed balls. We put a string around the bed to prevent the tops falling all over other beds
  • Globe artichokes will be finished now, time to get a pair of strong loppers or a pruning saw and cut them back so young shoots can regrow to produce the next round of artichokes. You can divide the clumps once the shoots regrow, to make new plants, which will be exactly like the parent unlike the seedlings  which are variable
  • Welsh bunching onions hate hot dry roots. Mulch them heavily and keep moist and fed top grow fast and amazing green onions for being harvested constantly. I mulched with ramial wood chip and they loved it.

Forest Garden

  • Watch for water and or nutrient stress, and take action, foliar feeding might help EF: Growth Foliar on leaves and EF:Soil Force and EF:Nano Cal on ground. These can all be obtained from Environmental Fertilisers
  • Make a careful notes of when all your fruit ripens so that you know where the gaps are for future plantings, especially also note which trees are stressed and need extra mulch or nutrient support to enable a strong healthy crop next season
  • If you wish to take a break over winter, then now is the time to prune your fruit trees, as you finish harvesting the crop from each tree. You might need to do a pruning workshop to learn how to do this, check out the Koanga Pruning Workshop on the website.

 

LAST QUARTER 18th January 2020

Garden

  • If you don’t already have a good garden plan then do it NOW. Use the Koanga Garden Planner if you need help to create a plan that gives you the veges you want to eat in an efficient regenerative way
  • If you do have a plan then check it carefully now to ensure you get all the seeds needed for Feb planting ready
  • Prepare beds,  prick out and transplant seedlings as they are ready, for late and autumn crops
  • Ensures all transplanted brassicas are covered with row crop cover or frost cloth to ensure the white butterflies don’t get to them and also to keep out of the high mid Summer heat. They love the cooler more shaded situation and with no white butterflies you will never have seen better plants
  • Continue watering 
  • Continue tomato/ pepper maintenance
  • Weed and aerate the surface of newly planted beds – 
  • Prepare ground for autumn flowering annuals and biennials

Perennials

  • Same as rest of month, have a rest from this section now

Forest Garden

  • Plan now for next seasons plantings. Get a copy of Design Your Own Orchard and the Koanga Design Your Own Forest Garden Booklet. These two will give you all the knowledge and skills to do your own design and planning to create something that is capable of regeneration of your backyard ecosystem and your health on every level. 
  • The Koanga Fruit Tree catalogue and also Forest Garden Support tree lists go live on the Koanga website in early February each year 
  • Summer prune stone fruit
  • Watch for branches breaking under the weight of a heavy crop, may need to thin or stake up or tie up branches
  • You will have loads of plums now, a good time to make vinegar. 
  • Chooks, ducks and geese all eat waste fruit
  • Now is a great time to go over forest garden support species and chop and drop or coppice to make ramial wood chip or even just cut up with loppers or secateurs to mulch trees and ground. 

 

NEW MOON 25th January 2020

Garden

  • Bird protection ( see Koanga Garden Guideand Knowledge Base on Website ) on all Summer grain beds  eg millet, amaranth, quinoa
  • Collect, dry, freeze and store any vege and flower seeds
  • Harvest garlic, dry then clean and select your mother seed for next year
  • Harvest onions and shallots, dry, then select mother seed and store separately
  • Plant seed now for cabbage, cauliflower, broccoli, kale, Brussels sprouts, lettuce, peas,, celery, coriander, daikon, turnips,  and parsley. This planting is really important to avoid big gaps in May and June
  • Harvest shellout or dried beans when the sun is out and it is hot, do not leave on plants  in rain for days at this point, if they need further drying place on sheet in greenhouse etc and when pods are crunchy stomp on them to release seeds and store seeds
  • Weeding and aeration
  • Plant beds that have a gap before the next crop with fast growing green manure crops such as mustard, buckwheat and phacelia.. check Koanga Garden Planner and do your homework, to ensure you have no gaps next year
  • Plant a wide range of flowers for autumn and spring flowering such as calendula, chamomile, stocks , hollyhocks, Sweet William, Chinese forget me nots, columbine 
  • Continue to store and process excess crops for future use ( Change of Heart for recipes)  lactic pickled gherkins, Bread and Butter pickles, fermented tomato sauce, fermented pepper sauces, fermented beans, beet kvass.

Perennials

  • Ignore this month if you did last months chores

Forest Garden 

  • Bird protection on trees with ripe fruit
  • Watch moisture levels in the soil carefully, especially under young fruit trees and citrus, feijoas and kiwifruit which all have very shallow feeder roots. Water stress now could mean bad cicada damage and pear slug damage.