August Moon Calendar


NEW MOON 1st August


  • Clean out green house and propagation facilities

  • Sow all garlic, shallots, potato and tree onions now

  • Sow onion and leek seed now

  • Sow seed for early tomatoes to be grown  in glass houses or passive solar cloches. If cloche-grown then they’ll need to be dwarf varieties, Henry’s Dwarf Bush Cherry is our best tomato for small spaces or pot growing.

  • Plant peas into trays for transplanting when 3 -10cm high

  • Sow broad beans into seed trays and transplant as soon as the tops emerge above soil

  • Sow dwarf beans and courgettes into seed trays in warm green house, for planting out into green houses or good cloches in warmer areas

  • Make a late sowing of sweet peas

  • Sow eggplant and pepper seed in a tray of its own, needs 20 degrees day and night for strong even germination (bottom heat trays with thermostats are excellent for making sure you don’t miss this critical germination time)

  • Sow early potatoes  in warm areas  only

  • Plant into seed trays petunia, larkspur, calendula, aquilegia, foxglove, hollyhock, honesty, love-in-a-mist, poppy, scabiosa, cornflower, stock, sweet william.

  • Prepare cloches to warm up the soil in preparation for planting out early beans and courgettes also possibly early cabbages, beetroot, lettuces, cucumbers, and for direct sowing rocket, mizuna, kale and mustard lettuce for spring salad greens; to be cut and harvested as mesclun crops

  • Sow Essene flax seed direct onto beds, (broadcast ) lightly rake in, or chop in and cover with bird netting or microclima to protect from birds until 2cm high.

  • As vege beds become dry enough to work begin taking out compost crops, making compost and either digging over or U Barring beds

  • Feed strawberries and rhubarb at this time

  • Ensure all perennials are well mulched ready for Spring production


  • Last chance to check all winter plantings to make sure all trees are staked well, that bark is not rubbing on tree stakes, and that all ties from last year are not strangling the trees.

  • If you’re having problems with pollination of fruit trees and bees is not the problem then it may help to record all your flowering times on a chart for a season or two. Set this up now if needed


First Quarter 8th August


  • Loads of pricking out

  • Fertilse garlic and onions …. More compost if you have it or liquid feed, I use cow manure, or urine and molassus

  • Now is the time to decide on a mineralisation program for your entire garden area from now on throughout the spring, summer and autumn twice a month before and after full moon for maximum benefit. We recommend you either use Environmental Fertilsers products  like this, or do some serious learning around how to remineralise your soil whilst building carbon and microbe populations .. eg Koanga Booklet How To Grow Nutrient Dense Food

  • Spend a few nights this week checking out the slug and snail situation, maybe require night patrols with a torch and a container of hot water, before it warms up too much and the seedlings start going out. Quash is the slug bait I’m happiest to use. It is completely non toxic apart from large quantities in waterways for fish!

  • Bed preparation critical as soil allows


 Now is the time to decide how you will maintain the minerals in your fruit trees.. Read this short article , it might be helpful. Our favourite commercial orchard fertilser is EF:Soil Force.. Designed to remineralise fruit trees


FULL MOON 16th August


  • Great time to feed plants via leaves and also feed soil

  • Plant early potatoes now into trenches of mineralised compost, seaweed, well rotted manure, or EF: Nature’s Garden see the  potato fertilsation protocol we developed at Koanga

  • Direct sow carrots under cloches into well prepared soil, and cover with an old sheet until seeds germinate

  • Place kumara tubers into sand boxes and put in a warm place to grow kumara tupu, or order your heritage kumara tupu now

  • Plant water chestnuts into seed trays with a plastic liner to keep very moist, and sprout in green house, or order your water chestnut plants now

  • Plant Chinese root ginger into a 20-30cm deep box in green house

  • Plant turmeric into wicking bed in greenhouse or large pot in greenhouse or house

  • Begin sowing Jerusalem artichokes, or order your heritage starter plants now

Forest Garden

  • Continue plant and soil health maintenance program before and after full moon throughout the growing season

  • Compost  or fertilise (EF:Soil Force)  citrus trees and mulch heavily


LAST QUARTER 24th August


  • Prepare seed raising mix 1/3 sieved compost, 1/3 sieved garden soil, 1/3 sand – possibly 10% vermicast if available

  • Pot up any cuttings that you took in May and are now shooting in the sand box

  • Weed garden beds, make compost, double-dig or prepare beds for planting as they become dry enough last quarter

Forest Garden

  • Very last tree planting for deciduous fruit trees

  • Good time to plant citrus

  • Very last pruning

  • Apply EF:Soil Force before mulching young trees for the summer

  • Get an orchard Reams oil test done if unsure what lime or fertiliser needs to go on

  • Mulch all newly planted trees before the grass begins to grow

  • Great time to apply foliar sprays to fruit trees  to increase tree health and fruit set. Apply Growth Foliar to bark and swelling buds. At quarter  flowering stage switch to EF Fruit  Foliar for a couple of weeks. These sprays will make a big difference to any black spot or pests and diseases in apples pears etc etc

  • Apply EF:Soil Force to any orchard/garden areas that need it

  • Apply EFNano Cal or lime to any areas needing calcium


NEW MOON  30th August


  • In warmer areas Time to early veggies to be planted out under cloches, e.g. courgettes, bush and dwarf tomatoes, early cucumber and beans, beetroot

  • Do loads of weeding and compost making

  • Get a copy of the Koanga Booklet The Art of Composting to ensure your compost is capable of growing soil and nutrient dense food

  • Foliar feed 3 days before full moon

  • You should be beginning to take out all compost crops  and preparing beds for major plantings next month or so

  • Make sure you have a good plan for how you will nourish your soil and your plants this season to ensure you are regenerating the soil the plant health and your health.. if you aren’t then you are degenerating all three.. time to make a choice.. maybe time to get your copy of Koanga Booklet How To Grow Nutrient Dense Food

  • Check out these amazing Koanga Heritage Crop Guides for pumpkins, tomatoes, beans and corn to help you select the best cultivars for your garden this spring

  • Sow seed into trays of early spring flowering plants nasturtium, sweet pea, calendula,

  • plant loads of early Spring vege seeds, into trays ready to prick out when first leaves appear..lettuce, coriander, parsley, purple leaf mustard, ruruhau, tatsoi, Red Coral Mizuna,, corn salad, Miner’s lettuce.

  • Scatter sow into trays, ready to plant into garden as soon as 5cm high rocket, peas, broadbeans, onions (onions need to stay in tray until 10 cm high)

  • Sow eggplants, peppers in an even warmer place. These seeds really need 20 degrees day and even nights to germinate well. I recommend you build a small plastic cloche, over a seed tray with these seeds in it, inside the green house.. or wrap your seed tray in bubble wrap plastic

Forest Garden

  • Best time to establish orchard herbal ley from scratch or to renovate existing ley

  • Great time to plant forest garden support species like tagasaste, tree medick, tree lupins etc or get seed to grow your grow your own

  • Slug and snail control essential around newly grafted trees