Moon Calendar

JANUARY 2017

NEW MOON DEcember`2016

Vege Garden

  • Water carefully, using fingers to make sure the ground is getting wet where you need the moisture
  • Harvest garlic and onions and dry if ready
  • Weed and prepare beds , aerate surface of all unmulched beds with hoe or long handled straker or niwashi etc
  • Sow late and glasshouse crops of cucumbers, courgettes, beans, basil
  • Sow peas, rocket, coriander  in shade
  • Plan and sow seed for autumn crops like cabbage, broccoli, cauliflower, silverbeet, spinach, celery carrots, beetroot, endive, Brussels sprouts, kale, swedes and turnips, lettuce, radish,  and daikon
  • Continue regular weekly feeding of gross feeders with liquid comfrey or liquid manure and foliar feeding with fish, phyter, seaweed or vermi-liquid if necessary
  • Transplant leeks into garden for autumn winter use
  • Sow seed for late autumn/winter early  spring  flowering—snap dragon, calendula, marigold, sweet william, hollyhock, granny’s bonnets, cineraria, primrose and polyanthus

Orchard

  • Pinch growing tips out on your fig trees to encourage the growth to go into the fruit
  • Net and harvest ripening fruit
  • Watch moisture levels, check young trees carefully

 

FIRST QUARTER January 6th

Garden

  • Check water requirements
  • Check tomato and pepper maintenance.. See Koanga garden Guide
  • Plant catch crops for shield bugs (i.e. mustard)
  • Foliar feed three days before full moon
  • Prick out and transplant as necessary

Orchard

  • Get out “Harry the Hawk” kites and nets for fruit trees as fruit ripens
  • Bananas need feeding and watering now, de-sucker all banana suckers after the first two under each fruiting palm; failure to do this means smaller bunches and too many trunks!!
  • Check moisture levels on all trees especially dwarf apples, dwarf pears, feijoas, young trees, kiwi fruit and citrus – all have shallow roots and hate drying out. Brown leaves, bad pear slug, bad cicada damage and serious bronze beetle damage are all symptoms of water stress

 

FULL MOON January 13th

Garden

  • Water as required, especially just around the full moon as the plants are really wanting to grow
  • Foliar feed three days before full moon
  • Keep up tomato and pepper maintenance
  • Spray neem oil for shield bugs. Spraying now will stop the next generation hatching
  • Remove seeds pods from sweet peas to keep them flowering
  • Layer carnations
  • Plant bulbs in garden beds orchard or pots
  • Dead head dahlias too keep them flowering

Orchard

  • Watch for water stress
  • Spray neem oil on any young trees that need protection
  • Make a careful notes of when all your fruit ripens so that you know where the gaps are for future plantings

 

LAST QUARTER January 20th

Garden

  • Prepare beds, transplant and prick out for late and autumn crops
  • Transplant lettuces and plant rocket under shade cloth
  • Continue watering
  • Continue tomato pepper maintenance
  • Weed and aerate the surface of newly planted beds – we use either a niwashi or a long handled straker on a weekly basis while the weeds are all very small
  • Prepare ground for autumn flowering annuals and biennials

Orchard

  • If haymaking, use any extra to mulch orchards, garden beds
  • Plan now for mulching next seasons plantings
  • Summer prune stone fruit
  • Watch for branches breaking under the weight of a heavy crop, may need to thin or stake up or tie up branches

 

NEW MOON 28th January

Garden

  • Bird protection on all grain beds
  • Collect, dry, freeze and store any vege and flower seeds
  • Harvest onions, garlic and shallots, dry and string up or hang in onion bags
  • Plant cabbage, cauliflower, broccoli, kale, brussels sprouts, lettuce, peas, mizuna, rocket in shade, celery, coriander and parsley. This planting is really important to avoid big gaps in May and June
  • Harvest shellout or dried beans
  • Harvest corn for drying and hang up
  • Weeding
  • Plant empty beds with fast growing green manure crops such as mustard, buckwheat and phacelia
  • Plant a wide range of flowers for autumn and spring flowering such as calendula, chamomile, stocks , hollyhocks, sweet William, Chinese for get me nots, columbine and verbascum

Orchard

  • Bird protection on trees with ripe fruit
  • Summer prune all stone fruit and young fruit trees after picking their fruit
  • Watch moisture levels in the soil carefully especially under young fruit trees and citrus, feijoas and kiwifruit which all have very shallow feeder roots. Water stress now could mean bad cicada damage and pear slug damage.

 

FIRST QUARTER 4th  February

Garden

  • Plant empty beds in green manure crops such as mustard, buckwheat and carbon crops. The crops planted now will provide the most carbon next spring
  • Foliar feed three days before the full moon
  • Plant empty beds with plants such as buckwheat, phacelia and mustard to attract beneficial insects.

Orchard

  • Irrigation of subtropicals may be essential for fruit set now

 

FULL MOON 11th February

Garden

  • Plant root vegetables such as carrots, beetroot, parsnips, turnips and swedes
  • Liquid feed tomatoes, peppers and eggplants with liquid comfrey
  • Continue making liquid comfrey to feed tomatoes and peppers
  • Foliar feed three days after the full moon

Orchard

  • Plant spring bulbs in orchard herbal ley

 

LAST QUARTER 19th February

Garden

  • Prick out seedlings, transplant and weed
  • Check corn, quinoa and amaranth grains for maturity and harvest
  • Harvest, dry and store seeds from your favourite veges and flowers
  • Harvest seed from Austrian hulless pumpkins when they have a yellow stripe on them. Dry until the seed breaks when bent
  • Turn under flowering mustard if full of shield bugs. Collect and kill shield bugs in the morning when they’re wet, cold and can’t fly
  • Harvest shellout or dried beans and peas
  • Make sure all onions, garlic and shallots are harvested and stored well
  • Plan winter garden and make sure you know which beds your strawberries, garlic and early peas and broad beans will be in. As summer crops come off these beds you could plant green manure crops to dig in three weeks before planting the crop
  • Spray roses with seaweed, water roots well and liquid feed
  • Sow anemones and ranunculi for winter flowering
  • Finish planting all daffodils and flowering bulbs
  • Lift gladioli when foliage turns yellow
  • Water and feed dahlias for long, strong flowering
  • Take geranium cuttings
  • Layer carnations
  • Prepare beds for planting autumn winter flowers

Orchard

  • Summer prune apricots, peaches and plums after the fruit has been picked. This makes winter pruning easier and there is less chance of disease
  • De-sucker bananas
  • Plant subtropicals if there’s water available for watering until the rains come

 

NEW MOON 27th February

Garden

  • Prepare, compost and manure beds for winter planting
  • A good time to collect seaweed and cow manure to use on brassica and celery beds and for any other gross feeders
  • Tomato, pepper and eggplant maintenance – mainly feeding and disease control. Stop delateralling tomatoes
  • Check grains for maturity and harvest
  • Plant seed for the winter garden such as cauliflower, cabbage, broccoli, kale, lettuce, onions, swedes, turnips, parsley, welsh bunching onions, silverbeet, chard, orach, celery, peas, miner’s lettuce and corn salad
  • Use neem oil on tomatoes and beans if necessary for shield bugs
  • Plant flowers for winter and spring colour such as calendula, heartsease, stocks, chamomile, hollyhocks, sweet William, forget-me-nots, columbine and verbascum
  • Plant early flowering Sweet Peas

Orchard

  • Irrigate all trees as required
  • Clean up herb banks and trim lavender
  • Pick and dry rose hips
  • A good time to cut any coppicing trees in shelter or hedgerows for firewood or garden stakes
  • Make lists of tasks needing to be carried out in the orchard such as maintenance work on fencing, irrigation or drainage or this winter’s development before it gets too wet to carry out
  • Make a list to help organize winter planting and order any trees you need
  • Shifting hawk kites and nets to protect fruit from birds

 

FIRST QUARTER 6th March

Garden

  • Plant green manure and compost crops as beds become empty
  • Check moisture levels everywhere as plants grow very strongly over the full moon period only if they have the moisture and nutrients to do so
  • Foliar and root feed three days before full moon for maximum growth
  • Use liquid comfrey on tomatoes and peppers
  • Prick out and transplant seedlings

Orchard

  • Continue moving bird scarers and nets where appropriate
  • Water subtropical orchard and apply manure, vermicastings or fertiliser of any sort to achieve strong autumn growth well before frosts
  • Coppice firewood and stakes from shelter hedgerows

 

FULL MOON 13th March

Garden

  • Liquid feed three days after full moon
  • Plant carrots, swedes, beetroot and turnips
  • Apply liquid comfrey to tomatoes and peppers
  • Harvest basil, tomatoes and peppers for processing

Orchard

  • Harvest and store apples and pears
  • Bottle, dry or make into jam, wine or sauces, pickles and chutneys any windfall or excess fruit
  • Plant spring bulbs in orchard herbal ley, keeping in mind the range of flowering times from the Erlicheers to the last daffodils
  • Attend to drainage, fencing and maintenance jobs before it gets wet

 

LAST QUARTER 21st March

Garden

  • Prick out all the emerging seedlings for winter garden
  • Transplanting, weeding
  • Turn under catch crop flowering mustard or spray the beetles with neem oil
  • Check grain crops (quinoa, amaranth) for bird damage and maturity and harvest if necessary. If ready to harvest lay in a warm place in the greenhouse to finish maturing before threshing and winnowing
  • Watch drying corn for bird and rat damage, leave on plants to dry as long as possible then harvest and put in dry warm place to finish drying. You could pull the husks back and tie in twos and hang over loops of strong string to dry
  • Harvest and process peppers, tomatoes and basil. Keep the best to save seed
  • Harvest summer squash (not the long keepers), the first of the kumara and onions and keep the best for seed
  • Harvest main crop potatoes, saving egg sized tubers from the best plants for a seed crop
  • Harvest dried shellout beans and put in greenhouse to dry until crunchy when they can be jumped on and separated from pods
  • Harvest hulless pumpkin but do not remove seeds for several weeks
  • Finish lifting and transplanting spring flowering bulbs
  • Lift and plant rooted carnation layers in pots or fresh beds
  • Prepare ground and sow new lawns

Orchard

  • Check all young fruit trees and shallow rooted trees for moisture stress such as citrus, feijoas and subtropicals
  • Manure citrus trees now and spray with foliar seaweed/fish
  • Plant subtropicals only if you have water available for irrigation
  • Summer prune last of the stone fruit which makes job easier in winter and there is less chance of disease
  • De-sucker any remaining banana suckers
  • When harvesting fruit check all trees for size of crop, disease, other problems, so you can think about changes that need to be made over the winter
  • Shift hawk kites and or nets over trees where fruit is ripening
  • Pick up all fallen fruit (or let chooks/ducks/pigs eat it) to avoid bugs over wintering
  • Thin inside growth of gooseberries and currants
  • Cut out old fruit rods of loganberries and raspberries, and tie new growth up

 

NEW MOON 28th March

Garden

  • Prepare garlic beds
  • In warmer areas this is your last chance to sow orach, silverbeet, rainbow chard, endive, brassicas, peas, coriander and celery
  • Plant green manure and compost crops in empty beds
  • Last planting of biennial flowers and herbs such as hollyhocks, sweet William, columbine and verbascum
  • Sow calendula, cineraria, poppies, snap dragons and pansy seed for flowers in the winter vege garden
  • Sow heartsease for companion to garlic and onions over the winter
  • Plant out autumn /winter flowering annuals that are ready now

Orchard

  • A great time to establish your orchard herbal leys while the ground is warm and moist
  • Plant subtropical fruit trees
  • De-sucker bananas and cut off the male part of flower when fruit has set
  • Manure, mulch and compost around fruit trees while ground is warm but after rain comes
  • Plan and organise winter plantings
  • Take out any trees that need removing before it gets wet

 

FIRST QUARTER 4th April

Garden

  • In areas where broad beans are planted in autumn, soak overnight and plant into beds or into seed trays and transplant
  • In warmer areas this is your last chance to sow corn salad and rocket directly on the surface, orach, silverbeet, endive, brassicas, peas, miner’s lettuce, parsley, coriander, and celery
  • Foliar feed three days before full moon
  • Finish planting any spare beds in compost crops such as  lupins, broad beans, vetch and wheat rye
  • When transplanting winter veges manure and lime well with dolomite and composted animal manure, fish meal and biophos and then mulch. The worms will go crazy!

Orchard

  • Continue all jobs as in the New Moon phase

 

FULL MOON 11th April

Garden

  • Foliar feed three days after full moon.
  • In warmer areas this is the last chance to sow carrots and beetroot before spring

Orchard

  • Finish planting spring bulbs
  • Begin wrenching any trees for shifting this winter after the first rain, wrenching one side only this month.
  • Note any trees that need removing this autumn /winter
  • Begin preparing ground for new orchard plantings in winter

 

LAST QUARTER 19th April

Garden

  • Double dig or prepare all remaining beds for winter crops or compost crops
  • Empty chook straw yards onto garden and give chooks fresh material for the winter
  • Manure brassica beds as they are gross feeders
  • Pick and store main crop apples, pears, potatoes, kumara, pumpkin and dried beans
  • Clean out kikuyu barriers
  • Transplant last seedlings
  • Harvest whole Echinacea plants, clean, chop and put into jars and cover with vodka so Echinacea tincture will be ready in six weeks
  • Prepare strawberry beds

Orchard

  • Spread  lime, manure, rock phosphate, liquid seaweed and vermiliquid around orchards and gardens
  • Manure, mulch and compost around fruit trees after first rain. Take special care with young trees, berry fruit and perennial crops
  • Prune tamarillo trees hard after the last fruit comes off. Staggered pruning will stagger next year’s crop
  • Tie up boysenberries, loganberries, blackberries and raspberries
  • Trim blueberries and Chilean cranberries
  • After the rain apply soil conditioners, vermicast, vermiliquid and seaweed preparations
  • Begin collecting fallen leaves to make compost leaf mould, hot beds etc.

 

NEW MOON 27th April

Garden

  • Prepare garlic, shallot and tree onion beds, manure and compost well, make sure the beds are very free draining
  • Prepare beds for strawberries and transplant
  • Prepare any other beds you have the energy to double dig or U Bar. This is a good month for bed preparation to help avoid stress in spring. The more aerated the soil is over the winter the easier it will be in spring. The best compost crop for keeping the soil aerated over winter is Vetch and broad beans, as recommended in Koanga gardens catalogue/shop/website. Vetch needs warmth to germinate
  • Direct sow rocket, cornsalad, ruruhau, red Russian kale mustard lettuce and mizuna under cloche to eat as fresh salad greens (mesclun) over winter
  • Sow violas, pansies, heartsease, poppies and snap dragons for Spring flowering
  • Last chance to plant lupins and other compost or green manure crops
  • Plant broad beans into trays and transplant when first leaves appear
  • Plant brassicas now – broccoli, kale, cabbage, cauli etc for early Spring transplanting
  • Transplant last of the winter veges and flowers

Orchard

  • Clean up orchard herbal ley and mediterranean herb banks, replanting if necessary
  • Last chance to plant subterranean clover in orchard herbal ley
  • Last chance to get drainage, fencing, shifting of compost and mulch in preparation for tree planting  next month done

 

FIRST QUARTER  3rd May

Garden

  • Plant compost/carbon crops for winter
  • Plant strawberry runners
  • Plant winter salad greens under microclima or cloches or cold frames
  • Transplant flowers for early spring flowering, heartsease, snap dragons, calendula larkspur, love in a mist, hollyhock
  • Feed all brassicas, celery, beetroot salad greens that need it while the soil is still warm and active

Orchard

  • Feed citrus well now, manure, seaweed, rock phosphate, dolomite and mulch
  • Spray neem on apples for codlin and woolly aphid (if you have woolly aphid you’ll have to put neem onto the roots of the apples using a watering can as well as spraying the leaves because the bugs over winter and live in the roots re-infecting the tops), pears for pear slug and citrus for aphid and mealy bug if necessary

 

FULL MOON  11th May

Garden

  • Foliar feed three days after full moon.
  • In warmer areas this is the last chance to sow carrots and beetroot before spring
  • Plant Garlic, Tree Onions, Shallots, Potato Onions
  • Plant strawberries if not already in
  • Make compost heaps with all the autumn weeds and material available  to be ready for your Spring garden
  • Mulch any vege beds not planted in compost crops to avoid a weed nightmare next Spring
  • If May continues warm and dry double dig any beds that need it for early spring crops and plant lupins only now.

Orchard

  • Finish planting spring bulbs
  • Begin wrenching any trees for shifting this winter after the first rain, wrenching one side only this month
  • Check the bananas to see if any de-suckering is necessary. You should have at maximum only two suckers on each fruiting palm, a big one and a small one.

 

LAST QUARTER  19th May

Garden

  • In warmer areas last chance to weed beds and prepare for winter, transplanting last seedlings or sowing the last compost crops
  • Cover compost heaps to avoid water logging over winter
  • Make sure all chooks ducks and small animals have adequate housing for winter
  • Drag out your cloches and cold frames to cover salad crops or keep them growing over winter
  • Prepare garlic beds if planting on the solstice

Orchard

  • Remove any fruit trees that need taking out before it gets too wet
  • Begin preparing ground for planting fruit trees next month
  • Make sure any necessary orchard fencing is finished before planting starts
  • Finalise winter planting plans and tree orders or you’ll miss out on the trees you really want
  • Final de-suckering of bananas this month
  • Time to take rose cuttings and plum rootstock cuttings – soak in willow water and place into sand
  • Manure, fertilise fruit trees, spread BioPhos, dolomite, manure and gypsum if soil needs more structure
  • Begin planting natives for shelter hedgerows

 

NEW MOON 26th May

Garden

  • Collect seed catalogues and inspirational books so you can dream about next season’s garden
  • Plan next year’s garden
  • Spend time on fine days just looking around the garden, observing and remembering what worked, what didn’t, what changes you may like to make
  • If you haven’t already got them draw up some blanks of maps of your garden beds so you can more easily plan next season’s garden

Orchard

  • Foliar spray for plant health
  • Use cutonic copper stone fruit for leaf curl and bacterial blast if you’re concerned

 

FIRST QUARTER 2nd June

Garden

  • Have a well earned rest – enjoy all that summer food and wine that was stored away in the autumn!
  • Celebrate the beginning of the gardener’s year and the dream for the season to come

Orchard

  • Pruning and planting fruit trees
  • If it’s a warm winter you may have strong grass growth in which case you can scythe and use it to mulch currants, berry fruit and perennial veges (eg asparagus) which you may struggle to find mulch for in spring when you need it for the fruit trees

 

FULL MOON 10th June

Garden

  • Plant garlic 3 days after full moon, also tree onions, shallots, potato, onions
  • Plant Dalmatian garlic in orchard
  • Scatter neem granules around roots of dwarfing apples (or any trees that are susceptible) to prevent woolly aphids next season

Orchard

  • Mark strong clumps of bulbs or clumps that need to be dug and divided to dig later
  • Planting and pruning fruit trees, hedgerow trees, bee forage and shelter trees
  • Manure and prune feijoas now
  • Begin pruning macadamias once the crop is off

 

LAST QUARTER 17th June

Garden

  • Time for dreaming and resting and finding inspiration for the year to come

Orchard

  • Plant fruit trees
  • Prune fruit trees
  • Manure and prune feijoas (feijoas are pollinated by birds so need to be pruned from inside to be open)
  • Prune, lime, manure and mulch all berry fruits, blueberries, cranberries, blackberries, logan berries and raspberries,
  • De-sucker raspberries

 

NEW MOON  24th June

Garden

  • Think carefully about what possible seed saving you might like to be doing over the next season.
  • Now is the time to decide how important it is for you to be growing veges and fruit with a high nutritional density (bearing in mind that eating nutritional dense food will be the most sustainable way of staying healthy while taking care of the environment!!) The only way to do that is to be growing them in a balanced, highly mineralised soil with high levels of microrganisms. If you want to increase the nutrient density of your produce and you feel you need specific direction then I would recommend you contact Environmental Fertilisers and begin the process of having a Reems soil test taken. You will then be able to obtain the correct balanced mineralised product for your garden. If you are clear you want to go for nutritional density but do not which to do a soil test then I would recommend you use their General Purpose Garden Fertiliser (available at Koanga Gardens Centre for Sustainable Living).
  • Organise your seed raising mix for the spring. If you’re making your own use 1/3 screened garden soil, 1/3 screened compost, 1/3 sand and then add 10% vermicast.

Orchard

  • Decide whether you’re going to deal with all pests and diseases in the orchard over the next year by:
  1. Focusing only on healthy soil and roots (moisture levels, nutrients mulch etc)
  2. Using a regular seaweed or fish and phyter spray application (could be done at the same time and as well as step 1) or
  3. Using a copper spray on deciduous fruit trees to inhibit many fungal and bacterial problems (could also be done at the same time as step 1 but probably not at the same time as step 2). If using a copper spray this needs to be done now.
  • Finish planting and pruning fruit trees

 

FIRST QUARTER  1st July

Garden

  • Clean out tunnel houses, green houses and potting benches ready for spring planting – slugs and snails live under rubbish and things lying around
  • Repot and revitalise pot plants
  • Prepare beds for early potatoes, peas and broad beans
  • Enjoy the last of your winter break

 

Orchard

  • Once all planting and pruning, staking, manuring and mulching is done  in the orchard, it’s holiday time. If you’re onto it you’ll get a small break before the vege garden is full on!
  • If you are still planting be sure to do the best possible job of planting your trees, how you plant them will determine how much fruit they produce over the lifetime. See our Koanga Planting Guide and also our Fruit Tree Health Guide

 

FULL MOON  9th July

Garden

  • Begin collecting  your seeds ready for a big early garden planting into seed trays next new moon.. If you are saving your own seed now is a great time to go through them  all and select the very best seeds for planting and spend time with the seeds…handle them… listen to them ….

Orchard

  • Have a knees up,, crack out last year’s apple cider out blackberry wine etc

 

LAST QUARTER  17h July

Garden

  • Check out new and inspirational books! Have you thoroughly read the Art of Composting Booklet, as home gardeners  our solutions for regeneration  all lie via the compost as far as I can see, a critical area to upskill in . Maybe you are a Beginner Gardener and our Beginner Gardener Booklet will be your start here. Time to do lots of dreaming about your garden goals for the year to come and get your creative juices flowing. The Koanga Garden Planner is a sophisticated design process for achieving all of your goals in the garden, now is the time to use it to design your entire garden to do everything you require
  • Sharpen garden stakes,all tools, oil wooden handles,  trim pea stakes, prepare labels, check all cloche and cover materials as well as all netting hoops and bird covers
  • Make up hot beds if you will be needing them for peppers, eggplants, tomatoes and other early crops next month Koanga Garden Guide has a horse manure design for bottom heat

Orchard

  • Planting  fruit trees
  • Pruning  fruit trees
  • Manure and prune feijoas
  • Prune tie and de-sucker, manure and mulch if not already done berry fruits, blueberry, cranberry, blackberry, loganberry, raspberry, currants etc Pruning instructions for all berries in Design Your Own Orchard
  • Prune macadamias and tamarillos that have finished fruitiing

 

NEW MOON 23rd July

Garden

  • Clean out green house and propagation facilities
  • Sow all garlic, shallots, potato and tree onions now
  • Sow onion and leek seed now
  • Sow seed for early tomatoes to be grown  in glass houses or passive solar cloches. If cloche-grown then they’ll need to be dwarf varieties, Henry’s Dwarf Bush Cherry is our best tomato for small spaces or pot growing.
  • Plant peas into trays for transplanting when 3 -10cm high
  • Sow broad beans into seed trays and transplant as soon as the tops emerge above soil
  • Sow dwarf beans and courgettes into seed trays in warm green house, for planting out into green houses or good cloches in warmer areas
  • Make a late sowing of sweet peas
  • Sow eggplant and pepper seed in a tray of its own, needs 20 degrees day and night for strong even germination (bottom heat trays with thermostats are excellent for making sure you don’t miss this critical germination time)
  • Sow early potatoes  in warm areas  only
  • Plant into seed trays petunia, larkspur, calendula, aquilegia, foxglove, hollyhock, honesty, love-in-a-mist, poppy, scabiosa, cornflower, stock, sweet william.
  • Prepare cloches to warm up the soil in preparation for planting out early beans and courgettes also possibly early cabbages, beetroot, lettuces, cucumbers, and for direct sowing rocket, mizuna, kale and mustard lettuce for spring salad greens; to be cut and harvested as mesclun crops
  • Sow Essene flax seed direct onto beds, (broadcast ) lightly rake in, or chop in and cover with bird netting or microclima to protect from birds until 2cm high.
  • As vege beds become dry enough to work begin taking out compost crops, making compost and either digging over or U Barring beds
  • Feed strawberries and rhubarb at this time
  • Ensure all perennials are well mulched ready for Spring production

Orchard

  • Last chance to check all winter plantings to make sure all trees are staked well, that bark is not rubbing on tree stakes, and that all ties from last year are not strangling the trees.
  • If you’re having problems with pollination of fruit trees and bees is not the problem then it may help to record all your flowering times on a chart for a season or two. Set this up now if needed

 

First Quarter 31st July

Garden

  • Loads of pricking out
  • Fertilse garlic and onions …. More compost if you have it or liquid feed, I use cow manure, or urine and molassus
  • Now is the time to decide on a mineralisation program for your entire garden area from now on throughout the spring, summer and autumn twice a month before and after full moon for maximum benefit. We recommend you either use Environmental Fertilsers products  like this, or do some serious learning around how to remineralise your soil whilst building carbon and microbe populations .. eg Koanga Booklet How To Grow Nutrient Dense Food
  • Spend a few nights this week checking out the slug and snail situation, maybe require night patrols with a torch and a container of hot water, before it warms up too much and the seedlings start going out. Quash is the slug bait I’m happiest to use. It is completely non toxic apart from large quantities in waterways for fish!
  • Bed preparation critical as soil allows

Orchard

 Now is the time to decide how you will maintain the minerals in your fruit trees.. Read this short article , it might be helpful. Our favourite commercial orchard fertilser is EF:Soil Force.. Designed to remineralise fruit trees

 

FULL MOON 8th  August

Garden

  • Great time to feed plants via leaves and also feed soil
  • Plant early potatoes now into trenches of mineralised compost, seaweed, well rotted manure, or EF: Nature’s Garden see the  potato fertilsation protocol we developed at Koanga
  • Direct sow carrots under cloches into well prepared soil, and cover with an old sheet until seeds germinate
  • Place kumara tubers into sand boxes and put in a warm place to grow kumara tupu
  • Plant water chestnuts into seed trays with a plastic liner to keep very moist, and sprout in green house
  • Plant Chinese root ginger into a 20-30cm deep box in green house
  • Begin sowing Jerusalem artichokes

Orchard

  • Continue plant and soil health maintenance program before and after full moon throughout the growing season
  • Prune autumn fruiting raspberries
  • Compost  or fertilise EF:Soil Force)  citrus trees and mulch heavily

 

LAST QUARTER 15th August

Garden

  • Prepare seed raising mix 1/3 sieved compost, 1/3 sieved garden soil, 1/3 sand – possibly 10% vermicast if available
  • Pot up any cuttings that you took in May and are now shooting in the sand box
  • Weed garden beds, make compost, double-dig or prepare beds for planting as they become dry enough last quarter

Orchard

  • Very last tree planting for deciduous fruit trees
  • Good time to plant citrus
  • Very last pruning
  • Apply EF:Soil Force before mulching young trees for the summer
  • Get an orchard soil test done if unsure what lime or fertiliser needs to go on
  • Mulch all newly planted trees before the grass begins to grow
  • Great time to apply foliar sprays to fruit trees  to increase tree health and fruit set. Apply Growth Foliar to bark and swelling buds. At quarter  flowering stage switch to EF Fruit  Foliar for a couple of weeks. These sprays will make a big difference to any black spot or pests and diseases in apples pears etc etc
  • Apply EF:Soil Force to any orchard/garden areas that need it

 

NEW MOON  22nd  August

Garden

  • Time to transplant early veggies under cloches, e.g. courgettes and beans
  • Do loads of weeding and compost making
  • Foliar feed 3 days before full moon
  • You should be seriously taking out all compost crops  and preparing beds for major planting next month
  • Check out these amazing Koanga Heritage Crop Guides for pumpkins, tomatoes, beans and corn to help you select the best cultivars for your garden this spring
  • Sow seed into trays of early pumpkins, Red Kuri, Austrian hulless, Green Chestnut, courgettes, early tomatoes for the cloche, cucumber, dwarf beans, marigold, sweet hyssop, nasturtium, sweet pea, lettuce, coriander, parsley, rocket, melons, peas. Sow in a warm green house in trays ready to prick out when first leaves appear
  • Sow eggplants, peppers and melons in an even warmer place. These seeds really need 20 degrees day and even nights to germinate well. I recommend you build a small plastic cloche, over a seed tray with these seeds in it, inside the green house

Orchard

  • Best time to establish orchard herbal ley from scratch or to renovate existing ley
  • Slug and snail control essential around newly grafted trees
  • Mulch all fruit trees – you can use the scythed grass from the orchard to do this a this time of the year

 

FIRST QUARTER 29th August

Garden

  • Sow any seeds you missed last week and take good care of all seedlings
  • Watch for slug and snail damage, may need to do some night patrols
  • Prick out all seedlings as they emerge; as soon as second leaves appear
  • Weekly foliar feed EF:Growth foliar seedlings in greenhouse to promote strong roots, healthy growth, and loads of microbial action
  • Preparation of garden beds very important – apply 2cm of compost to all beds just before planting, forked into top few centimetres, along with a good all purpose organic, highly mineralised and microbially active fertiliser EF: Nature’s garden is a good one.

Orchard

  • Make sure all citrus trees are well manured and mulched and you have a watering system in place for them
  • This is the last month to put on a good orchard fertiliser, if you have soil issues, lack of available calcium, or pest and disease problems. I recommend you put an application of Environmental Fertilisers general Orchard fertiliser, each September and each April for several years while you build up your own nutrient sources.
  • Foliar feed 3 days before full moon using products that will strengthen the health of trees to avoid later problems:

FULL MOON  6th September

Garden

  • Foliar feed seedlings to promote strength
  • Sow carrots beetroot, parsnip, turnips 3 days after full moon
  • Transplant the last of your onion sets
  • Continue bed preparation and compost heap making
  • General tidy up weed, mulch

Orchard

  • Foliar feed any trees you think might need the extra strengthening, or health promotant
  • Finish mulching
  • Organize hoses and watering systems this month!

 

LAST QUARTER  13th  September

Garden

  • As your garden beds begin to dry enough to work in them, pull out compost crops, make compost heaps
  • Prepare beds by either double digging, U Barring or forking
  • Apply Biophos if no phosphate had gone on for several years or if a soil test recommends it
  • Build cloches ready for early veggies
  • Take good care of seedlings
  • Get slug and snails under control
  • Harvest and dry nettle
  • Prepare and plant new asparagus beds
  • Prepare kumara beds. They prefer shallow soils with a hard pan 20-30cm under the surface, so do not double dig these beds.

Orchard

  • Good time to plant citrus
  • Mulch all young trees before the grass is competing for moisture and nutrients
  • Divide and re-sow primroses in the orchard herbal ley (also polyanthus).

 

NEW MOON  20th September

Garden

  • Loads of pricking out seedlings as needed
  • Continually preparing beds as weather and moisture levels allow
  • Plant all summer flowers requiring heat for germination i.e. Sunflowers, morning glory, gaillardia, Princes feather, zinnias, cosmos, marigold, love lies bleeding, tithonia, nasturtium, and dahlia
  • Plant all main crop veges (beans, summer squash, pumpkins, tomatoes, cucumbers for pickling and eating) into trays and prick out and transplant as ready
  • Plant lettuce, tampala, rocket, mibuna, basil, and all other summer greens and veges requiring warmth into trays and prick out and transplant as required
  • Plant your grain crops into trays but broadcast sow over the entire tray leaving enough room for the seedlings to grow for 3-4 weeks and then transplant directly into the beds at diagonal spacings recommended on the seed packets amaranth, quinoa, millet, sorghum.. Or direct sow into beds as described on Koanga seed packets
  • Grains can be direct sown (scatter sown or even sown in rows) into beds but you will have to cover from the birds and getting the density optimal is quite tricky. The spacings recommended on our packets are many years of experience to obtain maximum yields.

Orchard

  • Last chance to sow seeds and ground cover herbs under fruit trees before it dries out

 

FIRST QUARTER 28th September

Garden

  • Keep planting salad greens every month
  • Foliar feed before full moon
  • Major time for bed preparation and taking care of seedlings and newly transplanted seedlings
  • Continue transplanting out into beds all your seedlings
  • Quite a few of your perennials will be feeling the ground warming and will be sending up their first shoots (e.g. echinacea, stevia, bergamot) and may need checking for slug and snail damage (especially stevia).

Orchard

  • Watch for water stress and try to avoid it by careful watering, time watering will be time not spent dealing with pests and other associated problems
  • Watch for Bronze beetle attack on apples, feijoas, and all trees that are likely to be water stressed. You may need to spray – garlic and pyrethrum will kill them because they eat the leaves but if you add Neem oil you will do a better job of stopping the new few generations as well
  • Good time to foliar feed for tree health

 

FULL MOON  6th October

Garden

  • Good time to foliar feed or spray
  • Direct sow carrots and parsnips
  • Plant maincrop potatoes (onto comfrey and or seaweed), carrots, beetroot, jerusalem artichokes, yams all tubers and root crops
  • If your waterchestnuts have not been planted into a tub or plastic lined growing trough then  do it now. They need 20cm of water fed with lime and cow manure.
  • Plant kumara when the Pipiwharoroa puts a tail on his call
  • Continue bed preparation, loads of work with seedlings , snail patrols
  • Keep all planted beds weed free and aerated every week if possible on the waning moon
  • If your dahlias over wintered in the ground then now is the time to lift and divide and replant

Orchard

  • Good time to foliar feed for health
  • Moisture levels critical for shallow roots. If any of your trees are looking unhappy then carefully check their roots: are they too dry, are they repelling the water you’re putting on because they are too dry?

 

LAST QUARTER  13th  October

Garden

  • Continue pricking out seedlings and transplanting
  • Mound up earlier lanting sof potatoes, critical that you either mulch or mound up well to obtain heavy crops and avoid potato worms

Orchard

  • Dig up comfrey root, cut into 3-5 cm pieces and plant into seedling tray to get roots before transplanting into orchard. If soil conditions are good you can directly plant the peices of root straight into the ground now.
  • Make sure all the irrigation systems are working well now
  • Weed  and feed comfrey borders and barriers, pull back kikuyu if this is a kikuyu barrier
  • Cut back canna lilly borders so they will come away strong as barriers for comfrey, they will grow better if fertilised at this point too
  • If it’s warm and the grass is growing well in the orchard then scything the grass will mean you can mulch your fruit trees. Weed eating the grass does not provide useable mulch, scything does.

 

NEW MOON  20th  October

Garden

  • Last time to plant comfrey root cuttings
  • Prick out and transplant all seedlings ready to go into the garden
  • Prepare beds for late spring planting
  • Plant patches of mustard as a catch crops for shield bugs
  • Plant seeds for summer/autumn flowers, sunflowers, zinnias, cosmos, love lies bleeding, nicotiana, gaillardia
  • Plant more corn, beans, courgettes, cucumbers, late tomatoes, lettuce, basil etc
  • Mulch as many of your vege beds as practical, corn, pumpkins, tomatoes and peppers are easy to mulch

Orchard

  • Check moisture levels under young trees and water where necessary
  • Mulch deciduous orchard areas
  • Check all apples trees for woolly aphid ( white furry aphids in the cicada damage on branches) sprinkle neem granules on ground around tree and spray tree with garlic and pyrethrum and neem oil( mix the sprays),
  • Bronze beetles on feijoas, apples, pears indicate water stress, may need spray of garlic/pyrethrum and water well
  • Mulch berry fruits and organise netting
  • Time to clean up, mulch and replant any gaps in the subtropical orchard
  • Time to establish initial plantings (Abyssinian bananas, acacia pravissima) if a subtropical orchard is a future plan.
  • Fertilise and mulch  and water if necessary bananas to get strong suckers
  • Soak ground under avocadoes with fish and phyter to prevent phytophera
  • Use garden shark to cut off all black leaves and dead growth throughout subtropical orchard and mulch

 

FIRST QUARTER 28th October

Garden

  • Prick out and transplant seedlings, make sure you have loads of companion flowers going into the vege garden, zinnias, sunflowers, cleome, marigolds, bedding dahlias, cosmos, love lies bleeding, gaillardia
  • Basil, alyssum and classic zinnias are great companions for tomatoes, plant them now
  • Give a regular foliar spray using seaweed, vermiliquid, fish/phyter etc
  • Apply liquid feed such as liquid comfrey, liquid cow manure by watering can to ground under tomatoes, peppers and any other plants needing a boost
  • Harvesting flowers and herbs for drying
  • Decide how you’re going to manage blight in tomatoes and potatoes. Prevention is more effective than any way of sorting the problem once blight is there. Either do weekly fish and phyter or fish and phyter on the soil monthly and a raw milk spray weekly, or Agrisea seaweed spray weekly, or a copper spray with rain guard to make it last longer when needed
  • Feed and water asparagus to keep it producing until xmas

Orchard

  • Keep up the watering
  • Check for pest problems, spray if necessary
  • Remove any unwanted suckers from berry fruit,
  • Watch for breaking branches as early fruit swells, may need to thin fruit or prop up branches especially the Orion peach and Marabella plum
  • Chop up flowering Abyssinian bananas for mulch around subtropical orchard
  • Feed citrus to encourage strong healthy growth at this time

 

FULL MOON  4th November

Garden

  • Foliar feed if necessary all veges with seaweed, fish/phyter, vermiliquid etc
  • Liquid feed ground around  any plants that need a boost
  • Plant kumara tupu,
  • Plant main crop potatoes onto trenches of wilted  comfrey leaves,
  • Plant Jerusalem artichokes, Chinese artichokes, yams, yacon, aniu
  • More transplanting
  • Mulch any beds that are ready
  • Harvest flowers and herbs and seeds for drying

Orchard

  • Keep watering and watch for pest/disease problems
  • If there is still moisture in the ground there will be loads of grass that can be scythed to use as mulch on the garden

 

LAST QUARTER  11th November

Garden

  • Weed, mulch and water
  • Continue pricking out and transplanting
  • Watch carefully for insects/diseases and learn what they are, how they impact you and what the best ways are to manage them.
  • Continue harvesting flowers and herbs for drying

Orchard

  • Continue watering and mulching
  • Observe which trees are happy and which ones are stressed. Why? What can you do about it? What can you learn for the future?
  • Time to prune your cherimoyas, back to three buds of new growth, cover cuts with pruning paste to stop borer getting in
  • Great time to plant sub-tropicals

 

NEW MOON  19th November

Garden

  • Check for water stress – the less stress, the less pest problems
  • Transplant last of spring plantings – late crop tomatoes, beans and corn, basil, courgettes, cucumbers and leeks
  • Watch for young, black shield bugs – use neem tree oil spray
  • Take care of liquid fertiliser barrels; keep stirred and refilled with comfrey manure seaweed etc. Tomatoes, corn, pumpkins may need a boost now
  • Plant seed into trays for late summer harvesting of dwarf and climbing beans, courgettes, carrots, beetroot, lettuce (tree lettuce will take the heat), basil, tampala, short season corn ( if you are in a area with a long summer), celery

Orchard

  • Check young trees carefully for moisture stress. Water stress now will mean damage from cicada, shield bugs, pear slug, woolly aphids and die back on young trees.
  • Watch fruit carefully and net trees where you need to. We use 10m squares of knitted bird netting, raised over the trees with a bamboo pole on two corners of the netting and pulled in together underneath.
  • Watch carefully for branches of stone fruit showing signs of silver leaf – often just one limb of a tree will have silver leaves. Now is the time to cut that limb off and burn it and inoculate the tree with Trichopaste and or Tricho dowels.

 

FIRST QUARTER  27th November

Garden

  • Finish planting any seeds needed for continuity including late sunflowers and flowers for autumn colour (zinnias, gaillardia, cosmos, and marigolds)
  • Keep up regular watering and nutrient maintenance
  • Foliar feed three days before full moon – regular foliar seaweed could save many pest and disease problems if your soil health is not yet ideal
  • Watch for shield bugs

Orchard

  • Check moisture levels on all young trees, look at the soil and leaves
  • Watch for bronze beetle damage, pear slug and cicada damage
  • Foliar spray with seaweed vermiliquid

 

FULL MOON  4th  December

Garden

    • Give foliar feed and keep up with watering
    • Last chance to plant main crop potatoes onto trenches of comfrey if not already in
    • Feed tomatoes and peppers with liquid comfrey weekly from now on for maximum crops

 

Orchard

  • Monthly fish and phyter or liquid seaweed or vermiliquid as necessary to prevent disease and strengthen cell tissue and soil micro organisms in the orchard
  • Summer prune stone fruit as the fruit has finished on each tree – you’ll have less disease issues and the autumn growth will grow where you need it.

 

LAST QUARTER  10th December

Garden

  • Prick out seedlings as necessary
  • Keep up watering
  • Carefully observe all plants – they’ll tell you if they need some more water, nutrients, help with pest control, tying up or more space. This is a very important time to good care of the tomatoes and peppers

Orchard

  • You should be able to have a break for a few weeks now if you’re up to date with all the above jobs. Time to begin picking the fruit and enjoying the season!

 

NEW MOON  18th December

Vege Garden

  • Water carefully, using fingers to make sure the ground is getting wet where you need the moisture
  • Harvest garlic and onions and dry if ready
  • Weed and prepare beds , aerate surface of all unmulched beds with hoe or long handled straker or niwashi etc
  • Sow late and glasshouse crops of cucumbers, courgettes, beans, basil
  • Sow peas, rocket, coriander  in shade
  • Plan and sow seed for autumn crops like cabbage, broccoli, cauliflower, silverbeet, spinach, celery carrots, beetroot, endive, Brussels sprouts, kale, swedes and turnips, lettuce, radish,  and daikon
  • Continue regular weekly feeding of gross feeders with liquid comfrey or liquid manure and foliar feeding with fish, phyter, seaweed or vermi-liquid if necessary
  • Transplant leeks into garden for autumn winter use
  • Sow seed for late autumn/winter early  spring  flowering—snap dragon, calendula, marigold, sweet william, hollyhock, granny’s bonnets, cineraria, primrose and polyanthus

Orchard

  • Pinch growing tips out on your fig trees to encourage the growth to go into the fruit
  • Net and harvest ripening fruit
  • Watch moisture levels, check young trees carefully